Enhancing thermal, electrical efficiencies of a miniature combustion-driven TPV system

2009 - 05

Journal: Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 17, pp. 327-336, 2009.

Title: Enhancing thermal, electrical efficiencies of a miniature combustion-driven TPV syste

Authors: Yueh-Heng Li, Hong-Yuan Li, Yei-Chin Chao*, Derek Dunn-Rankin**

Rank: <5%, SCI, Energy and Fuel, 2012.














Images of the flame structure and corresponding OH radial distribution inside the chamber in the cases without (a), (b), and with (c), (d) a porous medium

Abstract: Methods to enhance the thermal and electrical efficiencies through novel design of combustion and thermal
management of the combustor in a miniature thermophotovoltaic (TPV) system are proposed, discussed, and
demonstrated in this paper. The miniature TPV system consists of a swirling combustor surrounded by GaSb
PV cell arrays. The swirl combustor design, along with a heat-regeneration reverse tube and mixingenhancing porous-medium fuel injection, improves the low illumination and incomplete combustion problems associated with typical miniature TPV systems. A reverse tube is used to enforce swirling flame attachment to the inner wall of the emitter by pushing the swirl recirculation zone back into the chamber and simultaneously redirecting the hot product gas for reheating the outer surface of the emitter. The porous medium fuel injector is used as a fuel/air mixing enhancer and as a flame stabilizer to anchor the flame. The miniature TPV system, using different combustor configurations, is tested and discussed. Results indicate that the proposed swirling combustor with a reverse tube and porous medium can improve the intensity and uniformity of the emitter illumination, and can increase the thermal radiant efficiency. Consequently, the overall thermal efficiency and electrical output of the miniature TPV system are greatly enhanced.



  • 李約亨

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